1. Read Aloud 大声朗读
While some might think of a teaching reading aloud as something that only happens in elementary classrooms, there is evidence that reading aloud also benefits middle and high school students as well.
2. Stop and Ask Questions to Yourself as You Read 暂停阅读并提出问题
A good strategy to teach struggling readers is that instead of just rushing through a passage or chapter, they should stop and ask themselves questions. Doing this can help them focus on the main ideas and increase the student's engagement with the material.
3. Talk with Someone Else About What Is Being Read 和他人讨论阅读的内容
Having students stop periodically and discuss what has just been read can reveal any issues with understanding and can reinforce what is being taught.
4. Look at the Headings and Other Information before You Begin 读前查看标题及其他信息
An excellent strategy that soon becomes second nature is to have struggling students read through all the headings and subheadings in any chapter that they have been assigned. This information can help them gain an overview of what they will be learning as they read the chapter.
5. Keep Paper Handy for Notes and Questions 备好本子记录要点和疑问
Students should read a chapter with paper and pen in hand. They can then take notes, write down questions they think of, and create a vocabulary list of all the highlighted words in the chapter along with any unfamiliar terms that they need to define.